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The writing process

Orlando Nieto English Writing

When writing a text, it is a good idea to follow a process. This entry will describe the different stages of planning ideas, making the first draft and revising. The writing process can be said to consist of three major parts: pre-writing, writing and revising.

What is prewriting?

It is the first and most important stage in the process before you start writing. It prepares you to write. You can think of this stage as the preparation of ideas.

There is a series of actions you need to carry out in this stage:

  1. Find an idea that interests you by generating possible ideas and exploring different subjects. These ideas will help you determine what you will write about and how you will organize your writing.
  2. Focus on a topic (one aspect of your subject). Then, narrow your topic down and form an idea of what you want to write.
  3. Consider your purpose (what you want to achieve in your writing) and your audience (those who will read your text).
  4. Write your main idea – the main thought that you will develop in your text (a topic sentence in a paragraph, or a thesis statement in an essay).
  5. Concentrate on the other parts of the text, which will expand upon the main idea, i.e. your support. Without that support, your audience will not fully understand or believe your main-idea statement. Once you have gathered all this information, you are ready to continue to the next stage.

What is the writing stage?

It is the stage when you turn the ideas above into a text, which is usually composed of paragraphs in order to group and communicate ideas, which in turn express those ideas in a series of related sentences. You are now ready to write your first draft.

What is the First Draft?
The first attempt at writing. It is actually a discovery draft. As you will have the chance to revise and edit your text later, accuracy in language, punctuation, and spelling are not essential at this point.

At the writing stage, your goal is to produce a well-written text with good paragraphs, each developing one main idea. Of course, make sure that your composition has an introduction, a body, and a conclusion, and that the whole text is a unity. To achieve that, make sure your text is cohesive and coherent. Also, the content has to be arranged into some form by which it may be presented effectively. There are a number of organizational patterns for this purpose, such as chronological order, comparison-contrast, cause and effect, among others. Finally, make use of all the support you gathered in the pre-writing stage in order to expand your ideas. For this, you may make use of facts (objective statements that can be proved), sensory details(concrete, specific characteristics of an item or an experience), examples (particular cases of a larger pattern), incidents (particular events), and reasons (logical arguments used to support an opinion).

What is the revising stage?

The stage when you check for accuracy and make the final revisions. You need to read over your writing and change the parts that should be improved. Also, you need to include a revision of things such as purpose and audience, the topic sentence, support, development, organization, coherence, word choice, and sentence structure. The final step in post-writing involves editing, proofreading, and publishing. At the time of editing, polish your writing by correcting grammar, usage, punctuation, spelling, and the physical appearance of the manuscript. In sum, editing means making changes in sentence structure and wording. Proofreading means checking for errors in capitalization, spelling, and punctuation. Lastly, you need to make final refinements to the text in order to give it a perfect appearance, which is a very important part of publishing – when your text is ready to be presented to your readers.

If you follow this process and get help from tools such as WriteBetter, you will definitely succeed in writing better texts.